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What would you concentrate on doing with a client that has scoliosis?


A.    Address unilateral structures only


B.    Strengthen weak muscles and stretch shortened muscles


C.    Refer to a doctor, MT's can't help scoliosis


D.    Refer to chiropractor



All of the following are common skin disorders resulting from allergies, bacterial, viral, or fungal infections except:


A.    Psoriasis


B.    Impetigo


C.    Contact dermatitis


D.    Basal cell carcinoma



The four structures that can cause nerve compression or impingement for thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) are:


A.    Cervical rib, post. Scalene, costoclavicular, and pectoralis minor


B.    TVP of C7, ant. Scalene, costoclavicular, and pectoralis minor


C.    Cervical rib, ant. Scalene, costoclavicular, and pectoralis minor


D.    Cervical rib, ant. Scalene, costoclavicular, and pectoralis major



The cause of numbness and tingling in the arm and lateral three and one-half digits.


A.    Costoclavicular syndrome


B.    Carpal tunnel syndrome


C.    Thoracic outlet syndrome


D.    Piriformis syndrome



An increase in the normal lumbar curve with increased anterior pelvic tilt and hip flexion is:


A.    Hyperkyphosis


B.    Hyperlordosis


C.    Scoliosis


D.    Hypermobility



The production of too much insulin is typical of:


A.    Anemia


B.    Leukemia


C.    Type ll diabetes


D.    Type l diabetes



Rickets (bone deformities) in children is caused by:


A.    A severe or prolonged deficiency of Vitamin C


B.    A severe or prolonged deficiency of Vitamin D


C.    An extreme excess of Vitamin C


D.An extreme excess of Vitamin D



A trigger point is;


A.    A hypotonic point that causes pain and referred pain


B.    A hypertonic joint that causes satellite pain


C.    A hyperirritable spot in the soft tissue that often exhibits a predictable referral pain pattern


D.    A hypoirritable soft tissue spot that causes pain in a referral pattern



A spasm is:


A.    A voluntary, prolonged muscle contraction


B.    A short muscle contraction


C.    An involuntary, sustained contraction of a muscle


D.    A painful, voluntary, quick muscle contraction



What type of strain does the deltoid ligament protect the ankle against?


A.    Inversion / Varus


B.    Eversion / Varus


C.    Eversion / Valgus


D.    Inversion / Valgus



If an athlete is showing symptoms of staggering, is incoherent, and not sweating, what could this indicate?


A.    Hyperthermia


B.    Heat cramps


C.    Heat exhaustion


D.    Heat stroke



The primary muscles involved in torticollis are:


A.    Levator scapula, scalens, and ESG's


B.    SCM, scalens, and ESG's


C.    SCM, scalens, and levator scapula


D.    SCM, scalens, and trapezius (upper fibers)



In acute conditions it is best to do all of the following except?


A.    Reduce pain and decrease sympathetic nervous system firing


B.    Treat any compensating structures and maintain local circulation


C.    Reduce or remove protective muscle spasms


D.    Reduce inflammation and edema



If a client is taking anti-inflammatories or blood thinners, it is contraindicated to perform:


A.    Rhythmic techniques


B.    Trigger point therapy


C.    Friction techniques


D.    Effleurage



Lymphatic drainage technique reduces:


A.    Lymph flow


B.    Capillaries flow


C.    Node refill


D.    Edema and pain

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